Human Rights Law Network


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In Uttar Pradesh, infants die in a tangled web of medical apathy, neglect and corruption

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“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease,” says the World Health Organisation, having expanded the scope of public health policy beyond an outdated pathology-based point of view to stress on the overall ‘well-being’ of persons.

Right to health is also protected as the fundamental Right to Life in the Constitution of India and the rationale for this is simple: the development of any country depends on the health of its population, and thus, it is the duty of the state to provide sturdy mechanisms for the welfare of the public.

However, ground realities differ vastly from what is promised. According to the medical journal ‘Lancet’, India is ranked 154 out of 195 countries in terms of health care access -- far behind countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal, Ghana and Liberia. India spends only a little over 1% of its GDP on public healthcare, compared to China which spends 10.4% of its budget on healthcare. India is even superseded by Uzbekistan (10.7%), Tanzania (12.3%) Kenya (12.8%) by Uzbekistan (10.7%), Tanzania (12.3%), Kenya (12.8%) and Nicaragua (24%).

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Working Group, 12th plan on child labour

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Parents decide to send their child for engaging in a job as a desperate measure due to poor economic conditions. It is therefore no wonder that the poor households predominantly send their children to work in early ages of their life. Child labour renders that children are sent to work at the expense of education. Thus we can say that child labour obstructs the effective growth and development of a child. All children who are entitled to a healthy environment in which they can flourish are being hindered due to economic and such other conditions of their household.

This report contains an analysis of child labour in India right from 2004 and beyond. It also provides statistics of child labour in various states. There is availability of data of children who are engaged in various occupations. Apart from this, there is also a detailed elaboration of the global outlook on child labour.

The initiatives taken by means of legislation with respect to child labour are mentioned in the report. Thus, this report becomes significant in understanding the issue of child labour and all other aspects around the same.

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The Situation of Children in India- A Profile

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The following report contains a detailed analysis of the situation of children in India. Prepared by the UNICEF. This report deals with various issues like child health, education, maternal health, child mortality, disparities between children, and the like. It has a far reaching analysis containing information on many topics related to the child, what fosters or restricts his development and so on.

This report becomes essential as it is an indicator to the real scenario of children in India. The report contains statistics of the various problems faced by a child. These analysis cover majority of the nation and also provide for regulations and measures to combat the same.

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CHILDREN IN INDIA 2012 - A Statistical Appraisal

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The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation had brought out a publication on child Statistics in 2008, titled ‘Children in India 2008’ as an ad-hoc publication. The present report, ‘Children in India 2012 – A Statistical Appraisal’ is second such publication and it presents a consolidated and updated statistics on status of children in India and will serve as a useful reference tool to appraise the progress on various fronts including the UN Millennium Development Goals.

The children of today are the future of tomorrow; this powerful statement assumes special significance in our context as children (0-14 years) comprise one third of the total population in the country. Every child, on provision of a conducive and an enabling environment, may blossom into an ever fragrant flower, to shine in all spheres of life. This report reminds us of the onerous responsibility that we have to mould and shape their present conditions in the best possible way.

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Standing Committee Report on Child Labour

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The Standing Committee on Labour and Employment presented its 40th report on the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012 on December 13, 2013. The Bill was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on December 4, 2012 by the Minister of Labour and Employment, Mr. Mallikarjun Kharge. It was referred to the Committee on December 12, 2012. The Bill seeks to amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, by banning employment of children below 14 years in all occupations, with limited exceptions. It introduces a new category “adolescent”, aged between 14 and 18 years, and prohibits their employment in hazardous processes.

The Committee opined that adolescents should complete elementary education before being allowed to be employed in any occupation. This report suggests that children ought to receive proper education before venturing into aspects of working and employment which should be reserved to those who are adults. It contains various amendments to be made to the Child Labour Act in order to make it accessible n today's times. The Bill is very flexible since it gives way for adaptation to current scenarios, circumstances and events.

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HRLN is a division of the Socio-Legal Information Centre (SLIC). SLIC is a non-profit legal aid and educational organization, registered under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860, Indian Public Trust Act, 1950 and the Foreign Contributions (Regulation) Act, 1976.