Human Rights Law Network


Reports

Infant Death in Jagdalpur, Bastar : Fact-Finding Mission to Bastar District, Chhattisgarh

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India has the highest number of child deaths in the world, with an estimated 1.2 million deaths in 2015 — 20 per cent of the 5.9 million global deaths. In the relatively new state of Chhattisgarh, formed in 2000 by carving out 16 Chhattisgarhi-speaking south-eastern districts from the state of Madhya Pradesh, 15,000 children die annually within the first week of their lives and one in every four children under three years of age suffer from wasting due to acute under nutrition.

In order to understand this issue better and investigate the death of an infant a team of activists and lawyers from Human Rights Law Network undertook a visit to the Maharani Hospital as well as interviewed the parents of the dead infant in the last week of April 2016. 

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Infant Mortality and Indian Public Health Standards: Fact-Finding Mission in Banki, Odisha

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In terms of the Human Development Index, the state of Odisha ranks at the bottom 22nd position (out of 23), and, according to the Planning Commission’s Tendulkar Committee Report 2009, the poverty headcount ratio of Odisha at 57.2 percent is the worst among all Indian states and way above the national average of 37.2 percent. Moreover, the extent of poverty is not evenly distributed in all the regions and among all social groups. The scheduled castes (SCs) and scheduled tribes (STs) of the state that comprise about 40 percent of the total population have high proportion of poverty as compared to the SCs and STs in the country as a whole.

Odisha has the third highest IMR in India, and roughly “70 per cent of infant deaths take place in the first month of the child’s life largely from preventable causes. Low skill levels of medical and paramedical staff are a continuing challenge for quality service delivery.

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Report of "National Consultation on Expanding Access to Reproductive Rights: Using Law to Guarantee Reproductive & Sexual Health and Rights in India”

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HRLN and Prayas organized a three day “National Consultation on Expanding Access to Reproductive Rights: Using Law to Guarantee Reproductive & Sexual Health and Rights in India” on 5th, 6th and 7th December 2015 at Jaipur, Rajasthan. As a part of the ongoing initiative of HRLN and Prayas, the consultation provided the platform to ensure and advance sexual and reproductive health and rights in the country. The consultation united activists, lawyers, human rights experts, development agencies and academician.

The experts from various field and across the country utilized three  days to build strategies to address core of the problems around sexual and reproductive health and rights.  A detailed report on activities conducted during three days is attached. 

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Report on Maternal Mortality and Indian Public Health Standards, Balasore, Odisha

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According to a 2013 report on reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health, conducted by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) in 2013, “there are still 56,000 maternal deaths each year. About two-thirds of maternal deaths occur in just a few states – Assam, Uttar Pradesh (including Uttarakhand), Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh (including Chhattisgarh), Bihar (including Jharkhand) and Odisha.”

The fact-finding team from HRLN visited Balasore District to research a maternal death in the Basta areaand was profoundly disturbed by the details surrounding the death of a pregnant woman. The systems designed to provide adequate care for pregnant women are not properly administered, directly violating a woman’s rights to survive pregnancy and childbirth. There have been instances of medical doctors missing from their duty, woman undergoing significant abuse fromthe attending Medical Officer, breakdown in the referral mechanisms, and a failure to provide proper treatment in time. All of these have resulted in a failure to avert preventable maternal mortality, a violation of right to survive pregnancy and child birth.

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Indian Public Health Standards & Right to Health: A Case Study of Raga Primary Health Centre

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Amongst the various persisting health problems in India, one of the most pressing – both as a public health and as a human rights issue – is the lack of equal access to basic healthcare facilities. Despite a considerable progress, newly introduced government programmes and schemes in the recent years, India continues to face numerous structural public health problems all throughout the nation.

Activist from HRLN did a fact finding in Lower Subansiri District, Arunachal Pradesh to examine these inequalities in the enjoyment of public health and the underlying human rights violations. The object of study for this report can be narrowed down in the following three ways.

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Human Rights Law Network (HRLN) is a division of the Socio-Legal Information Centre (SLIC). SLIC is a non-profit legal aid and educational organization, registered under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860, Indian Public Trust Act, 1950 and the Foreign Contributions (Regulation) Act, 1976.

HRLN is a division of the Socio-Legal Information Centre (SLIC). SLIC is a non-profit legal aid and educational organization, registered under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860, Indian Public Trust Act, 1950 and the Foreign Contributions (Regulation) Act, 1976.