What HRLN Does
DRI provides legal aid, takes up high-impact public interest litigation, provides access to the legal system and campaigns to improve facilities for persons with all types of disabilities. It engages in out-of-court advocacy and has initiated extensive work on law reform for people with disabilities.
· Disability as a reason for discrimination and denial of reasonable accommodation;
· Lack of education opportunities both at the primary and higher levels and lack of support in the education system;
· Lack of skill development interfaced with market requirements, employment and livelihood opportunities, discrimination in promotions and emoluments;
· Lack of access in the built infrastructure, transport sector, services and products, communication and documentation;
· Denial of access to most Civil and Political rights
· Marginalisation and discrimination faced by women with disabilities
· In a matter of disability discrimination by airlines, the Supreme Court decision in Jeeja Ghosh vs UOI will now result in changing the entire system at airports to benefit hundreds of passengers with disabilities. Travelling by airlines is now non-discriminatory for passengers with disabilities with facilities such as kiosks at airport entrances functioning as help desks, facilitation of online bookings and check-in by making airline websites accessible, provisioning of facilities such as ambulifts, wheelchairs and floor walkers, making the security check procedures disabled-friendly, permitting the boarding of persons with disabilities, in-flight information and projection screens being made accessible.
· Around 1.5 to 2.0 lakh persons affected by leprosy who are newly identified annually benefit from the development of a new programme for the eradication of leprosy. In the writ petition, Pankaj Sinha vs Union Of India and Others, the Supreme Court on February 3, 2017 ordered the government to frame a new programme and formulate and adopt concrete measures for the eradication of leprosy. This order is significant since even though India claimed to have eliminated leprosy as a public health problem in 2005, it has the largest number of leprosy patients in the world and pockets of high endemicity report thousands of new cases every year. The campaign to identify new cases of leprosy conducted in 2016 also finds prominence in the website of the World Health Organisation.
· Institutions for care of intellectual and psychosocial disabilities are to be monitored for institutional reform by statutory bodies. In Reena Banerjee vs UOI, on the prevailing pathetic conditions and instances of ill-treatment, abuse and negligence resulting in regular deaths of intellectually impaired children in government homes across the country, the Supreme Court disposed the matter directing the Central Coordination Committee and the State Coordination Committees set up under the 1995 Persons with Disabilities Act to monitor, review, coordinate and evaluate the implementation of the programmes and the conditions of the Homes and for introducing welfare measures.
· Expanding the scope to include institutions being run for persons with psychosocial disabilities, the Supreme Court further directed the central and state authorities for Mental Health Services to inspect and evaluate the conditions of the psychiatric hospital and psychiatric nursing homes and other Mental Health Service Agencies and to submit reports to SC registry within six months.
· Army officers with a 100% dependent child with disability are now able to seek longer tenures in cities with necessary rehabilitation services. In Lt. Col. Anil Kumar Yadav v. Military Secretary Branch & Ors., SLP(C)351/2016, the Army Transfer Policy for Officer with dependant disabled children was challenged.
· Hundreds of hearing-impaired persons in Maharashtra who were denied driving licences are now entitled to get them.
· 124 suburban railway stations in the Mumbai railway system have been audited for accessibility features under directions of the Mumbai High Court.
· 20 persons with psychosocial disabilities who had been chained in a religious institution were provided relief.
· A key employment PIL achieved an order forcing Delhi University to honour the quota for disabled employees among lecturing staff.
· The Supreme Court, in Bashiruddin Qadri vs UOI, upheld the right of a person with cerebral palsy to employment and ordered that necessary accommodation be provided to the concerned person. This enshrined the concept of ‘reasonable adjustment’ to ensure that any disabled person can carry out their assignment without difficulty with the provisions of accommodations that are reasonable.
Bombay High Court directs the State Government to conduct training and awareness programmes on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities Act, 2016
All India Handicapped Foundation v. State of Maharashtra
HRLN files PIL seeking implementation of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 for treatment of thalassemia patients
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Delhi HC offers interim relief to dyslexic student who was denied opportunity to apply for bank position
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